What is Important to Know about Urologic Problems

Problems connected with genitourinary system may cause a lot of trouble to the person experiencing them. The majority of such patients (especially men) want to avoid visiting doctors as they may feel uncomfortable when speaking about their problems. Nevertheless, turning for medical help is crucial in such cases as even small changes may signal about serious problems. A timely visit to urologist may help you to cure your affliction or even save your live. 

What are the most commonly diagnosed urologic problems? 

Male urinary system is a complex structure, which consists of kidneys, bladder, ureters, prostate and urethra. Malfunction of at least one of these organs may affect the entire system. Among the issues, which strike men’s health most often are  

  • Prostate problems (enlarged prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia, chronic or acute prostatitis);
  • Urinary tract infections; 
  • Several types of cancer. 

The bulk of these issues are successfully treated even when it goes about cancer (when detected at early stages, the chances for complete recovery are very high). Let’s have a look at the symptoms of some of urological problems in men to know when it’s time to go to the doctors. 

The signs of prostate problems 

Prostate health issues affect almost all men as they age. The disease, which affects around 90% of men by the age of 80 is benign prostatic hyperplasia. Its signs are 

  • Urination problems (difficulties with passing the urine, urinary incontinence); 
  • Need of frequent urination; 
  • No feeling of empty bladder; 
  • Weak stream of the urine; 

Another illness, which is often diagnosed in men is acute or chronic prostatitis. According to the figures announced by the American Prostate Cancer Foundation, 50% of all men experience the symptoms of prostatitis (either bacterial or simply inflamed prostate) at some period of their lives. Its symptoms are 

  • Pain sensations during urination and ejaculation; 
  • Painful defecation; 
  • Blood in the urine; 
  • Pain in the lower back and extremities; 
  • Perineum pain;
  • Burning during urination. 

The symptoms of urinary tract infections 

The symptoms of both enlarged prostate and prostatitis may combine if there is a bacterial infection of the male urinary system. Besides, there are several more indicators of infection of the urinary system: 

  • Fever;
  • Nausea;
  • Vomiting;
  • Need of urgent urination.

This type of problems is quite rare in healthy men. Nevertheless, those who have prostate issues are more predisposed to getting the infection. 

The symptoms of cancer of the urinary system organs 

Some types of cancer, like prostate cancer may go without symptoms at the early stages. That’s why every man is recommended to undergo a routine screening for prostate cancer at least once a year. However, there are some common symptoms, which should warn you: 

  • Blood in the urine or in semen; 
  • Pain during urination; 
  • Weakening of the urine stream; 
  • Pain in the lower back and legs; 
  • Swelling of the feet;
  • Bone pain; 
  • Fatigue, loss of appetite, sudden serious weight loss. 

These are not all the possible symptoms. Every man may experience different signs of the disease, so it’s better to consult a specialist whatever changes you’ve noticed. 

What are the risk factors for urologic problems? 

You are at increased risk if you 

  • Have excessive weight; 
  • Have stones in kidneys or bladder; 
  • Have undergone a surgery of the urinary tract organs; 
  • Lead a sedentary lifestyle. 

There are far more risk factors, which do not depend on your way of life including age, race and family history.  

Fortunately, most of these diseases are successfully treated, yet you should understand that the earlier you start the therapy, the easier and the quicker it will be to cure them.